On this day: A Protest in Washington

Impeach_Nixon_retouched 22nd October 1973 Impreach Nixon Watergate scandal 1970s Washington D.C.

This photograph, dated the 22nd of October, 1973 shows people demonstrating in Washington D.C., calling for the impeachment of US President Richard Nixon.

The protest came in the middle of the Watergate scandal, when Nixon lied about his involvement in the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters.

This was less than two weeks after the resignation of Vice President Agnew because of criminal charges of bribery, tax evasion and money laundering. Agnew was later convicted.

Nixon resigned in August of 1974 to avoid almost certain impeachment.

On this day: a President’s first address

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US President Abraham Lincoln gave his first inaugural address on the 4th of March, 1861.

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The speech, considered by many to be one of the greatest in American history, was delivered in the shadow of the not yet completed dome of the US Capitol in Washington.

On this day: a Christmas party at the White House

US President Lyndon B. Johnson entertains guests at a Christmas party near the Blue Room Christmas Tree in the White House on the 16th of December, 1964.

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On this day: the execution of Henry Wirz

Henry Wirz, a Swiss-born Confederate commandant of Andersonville Prison (Camp Sumter), was executed in the shadow of the US Capitol on the 10th of November, 1865.

He was only one of two men executed for war crimes in the American Civil War.

Today the US Supreme Court sits on the site of the execution.

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On this day: the renaming of the White House

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The Executive Mansion, home to the US President, was officially renamed the White House by President Theodore Roosevelt on the 12th of October, 1901.

The new name had been unofficially used for at least ninety years before the change was made.

On this day: the shooting of a President

800px-Garfield_assassination_engraving_This engraving of the assassination appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper on the 16th of July the same year. The President is being supported by Secretary of State James G. Blaine.

This engraving of the assassination appeared in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper on the 16th of July, 1881. The President is being supported by Secretary of State James G. Blaine.

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later that year.

James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, was fatally shot in the back as well as the arm at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington D.C. on the 2nd of July, 1881.

Amongst the people who were present when the shooting occurred was Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham.

Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Terminal, 6th Street & Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. Opened in 1873, demolished in 1908.

Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station, which was demolished in 1908. X

He did not die until eleven weeks later. It is now believed that doctors searching for the bullet with unwashed fingers created an infection that caused Garfield’s death. Modern medical specialists believe he would have otherwise recovered from the wounds.

Charles Julius Guiteau (September 8, 1841 – June 30, 1882) was an American writer and lawyer who was convicted of the assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States.

Charles J. Guiteau

The shooter was Charles J. Guiteau, who spent much of his trial behaving bizarrely, and who was executed on the 30th of June the following year.