On this day 150 Years Ago

This image from the Boston Public Library is dated the 19th of October, 1867, and shows people laying tracks for the Union Pacific Railway 300 miles west of the Missouri River in the United States.

'Westward_the_Course_of_Empire_takes_it_Way_'_Laying_track,_300_miles_west_of_Missouri_River,_19th_October,_1867__(Boston_Public_Library) US History.

 

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On this day: American Civil War Propaganda

This poster was printed in Lexington, Kentucky on the 9th of October, 1862. Issued by Confederate supporter and politician Lt. James B. Clay, son of prominent politician Henry Clay, the poster urges the people of the state to resist the Union forces.

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Printed broadside issued by Henry Clay's son, Lt. James B. Clay, in which he makes a plea for Southern sympathizers to defend their homes from Yankee invasion. Lexington, Kentucky. 9 Oct

 

On this day: America’s most lopsided football game

On the 7th of October, 1916, a college football game was played between Cumberland and Georgia Tech in Atlanta, USA. Tech on the left. Score 0 - 222

The infamous game. Georgia Tech on the left. Source.

On the 7th of October, 1916, a college football game was played between Cumberland and Georgia Tech in Atlanta, USA.

GT_Cumberland_222_scoreboardScoreboard at the end of the 1916 Cumberland vs. Georgia Tech football game.

The final scoreboard.

Cumberland, from Tennessee, failed to score at all, leading the most lopsided score in the history of the sport: 0 – 222. The college had already discontinued its football program, but were not allowed to back out of the game.

On this day: an Ammunition Plant Explosion

GillespieExplosion Man standing in a large crater from T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant explosion in Sayreville, New Jersey. October 1918. World War One.

A man stands in the crater left by the explosion. October 1918.

Disaster struck New Jersey, USA on the 4th of October, 1918, when an explosion hit the T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant. The First World War munitions plant, one of the largest in the world, was hit by a large explosion that started a fire and went on to trigger more explosions over the next two days.

The plant itself, as well as some three-hundred other buildings, were destroyed.

Because employment records were destroyed in the explosion the exact death toll is unclear, however it is believed to be around a hundred. Hundreds of other people were injured.

Residents of Morgan NJ in flight along the road to Perth Amboy and safety from the series of great explosions which destroyed the Shell-loading Plant of T. A. Gillespie & Company. Octobe

Residents being evacuated.

The disaster is generally believed to be an accident.

About a century later, the area is still affected by explosive substances.

On this day: Sequoia National Park is Founded

Sequoia National Park Established 25th September 1890

Source

Sequoia National Park in California, USA, was established on the 25th of September, 1890.

Ash Mountain Entrance Sign, Sequoia National Park.

In the mid-twentieth century. Source

Famous for its giant sequoia trees, the park is home to the world’s largest tree, and is also famous for preserving a pre-European landscape in the state.

On this day: the birth of a theatre star

Fred & Adele Astaire. circa 1906. The photograph is a publicity photograph illustrating Fred Astaire and Adele Astaire in a vaudeville act entitled A Rainy Saturday.

Fred and Adele Astaire, circa 1906.

Adele Astaire, stage star and sister of her movie star brother, Fred, was born in Omaha, Nebraska on the 10th of September, 1896. Her birth name was Adele Marie Austerlitz, but the surname was changed to make her sound more “American”. As a child, she and her brother moved to New York to attend the Alviene Master School of the Theatre and Academy of Cultural Arts.

Publicity photograph of Fred Astaire and Adele Astaire in 1921.

In 1921

Three years Fred’s senior, Adele was actually the more successful stage performer of the two siblings. However her brother went on to find Hollywood fame, and while Adele considered moving into film, she abandoned the plan, admitting to being intimidated by her brother.

Astaire married twice (her first husband died in this thirties), and had three children. She was considered the more personable of the two siblings.

She died in January of 1981, at the age of eighty-four.

On this day: the aftermath of a hurricane

This photograph, taken on the 8th of September, 1935, shows a mass burial for victims of the 1935 Labor Day hurricane in the United States.

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Burial_of_1935_hurricane_victims_at_Woodlawn_Cemetery,_Miami,_FL 8th September, 1935, burial with military honors of a reported 116 victims of the 1935 Labor Day hurricane at Woodlawn Pa

One of the worst hurricanes in US history, some 116 people were buried in this ceremony alone, given military honours. The mass funeral took place at the Woodlawn Park Cemetery in Miami, Florida. A total of 408 people were killed in the disaster.

XTrain_derailed_by_the_1935_hurricane Florida East Coast Railway Overseas Railroad relief train derailed near Islamorada, Florida during the 1935 Labor Day hurricane.

The Islamorada area of Florida was also devastated, with areas of the railroad (above) severely damaged or destroyed.