Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest still-running newspaper, was first published on the 3rd of January, 1749.
Front of the first edition.
Originally named Kjøbenhavnske Danske Post-Tidender, the paper was founded by Ernst Henrich Berling and is conservative-leaning.
On the 29th of October, 1787, Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni premiered at the Estates Theatre in Prague.
The theatre in 1797
The opera was commissioned after Mozart made a successful trip to Prague earlier the same year.
Originally intended for a October 14 debut, it was not ready in time, and so the schedule was reorganised.
The opera was an immediate success, as Mozart was highly popular in Prague.
(A side note: I have seen this opera performed at the original theatre. 🙂 )
An 1815 set for the opera.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s famous opera, The Magic Flute, premiered in Vienna on the 30th of September, 1791.
The playbill for the premiere.
Emanuel Schikaneder, who wrote the German libretto, hosted the premiere at his theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, while Schikaneder performed in the show alongside Mozart’s sister-in-law.
Mozart’s sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer.
The opera was immediately considered a success, though no reviews of the first performance exist.
The Battle of Cape St Vincent was fought at night – unusual for the time – on the 16th of January, 1780. Part of the American War of Independence, the battle was fought off the coast of Portugal, between Britain and Spain.
Britain defeated Spain, as seen in this painting by Francis Holman, created the same year.
Belgian inventor and horologist Jean Joseph Merlin was born on the 17th of September, 1735.
An inventor of a wide range of things, one of his most unusual patents was for the world’s first pair of roller skates in 1760. Though they were little more than ice skates with wheels where the blades would usually go, it may well be one of his biggest contributions to society.
He also had an interest in automata, and his work took him to Paris and London.
Dying in 1803, here he is as painted by Thomas Gainsborough in 1782.