100 Years Ago

Allenby_enters_Jerusalem_1917General Sir Edmund Allenby entering the Holy City of Jerusalem on foot 1917 to show respect for the holy place. First World War One

Following the surrender of the Ottoman Empire two days earlier, Britain’s General Sir Edmund Allenby entered Jerusalem on the 11th of December, 1917.

Described as a Christmas present to the British people, this event saw the city come under Christian rule for the first time in centuries.

Allenby entered the city on foot as a sign of respect to the holy place.

The Turkish surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem that began in mid-November.

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100 Years Ago: Bethlehem at Wartime

4th_Sussex_Regiment_marching_through_Bethlehem,_9_December_1917_(IWM_Q12620) 4th Sussex Regiment marching through Bethlehem, 9 December 1917 Foirst World War One English British

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9th December 1917: Britain’s 4th Sussex Regiment photographed marching through Bethlehem days before Christmas.

The city was under Ottoman control until the end of the First World War the following year.

100 Years Ago

The Ottoman Empire surrendered Jerusalem to British rule on the 9th of December, 1917.

The surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem, which was fought from the 17th of November. The battle saw the combined forces of Britain, Australia, India and New Zealand defeat the Ottoman (Turkish) and German Empires.

The image shows the Ottoman mayor of Jerusalem and Ottoman prisoners of war meeting British representatives under the white flag of surrender.

Australian “Soldiers”

Boys and girls dressed as soldiers, with slouch hats and toy rifles, at Irvinebank, Queensland, Australia around 1917. First World War.

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This image of boys and girls dressed as Australian soldiers was taken in the small far-north Queensland town of Irvinebank around 1917.

Henry Dalziel, a recipient of the Victoria Cross after World War One, was born in the town in 1893.

Australia began preparations for the war even before Britain officially joined the conflict in 1914. So closely tied to Britain, and still part of the Empire, Australia was part of the conflict until its conclusion on the 11th of November, 1918.

100 Years Ago

IWM_Q12574 Third Battle of Gaza. Turkish trenches in El Arish Redoubt, Captured by the 4th Royal Scots, supported by two Companies of the 8th Cameronians, 52nd Division, 2nd November 191

2nd November 1917Third Battle of Gaza. Turkish trenches in El Arish Redoubt, captured by British forces. First World War.

The battle as fought over the night of the 1st – 2nd November, and resulted in an Allied victory over the combined forces of the German and Ottoman Empires.

100 Years Ago

#OTD in 1917 Light Horsemen charge Turkish positions at Beersheba & seize critical wells enabling the British to break the Ottoman line #ww1 Australian War Memorial Canberra First World

31st October 1917Australia’s Light Horsemen charge Turkish positions at Beersheba, enabling the British to break the Ottoman line.

This iconic moment in Australian military history is considered one of the nation’s most significant in the First World War.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.