On this day: the Battle of Passchendaele

The_Battle_of_Passchendaele,_July-november_1917_Battle of Pilckem Ridge. German prisoners and British wounded crossing a duck board bridge over the Yser Canal. Near Boesinghe, 31 July 19

The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was fought between the Allies and the German Empire in the First World War.

Part of the larger Battle of Pilckem Ridge, Passchendaele began on the 31st of July, 1917.

This photograph, taken on that first day, shows German prisoners and British wounded crossing a canal near Boesinghe (Boezinge) in Belgium.

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Happy 200th Birthday, Emily Brontë!

Emily_Brontë_by_Patrick_Branwell_Brontë_restored Emily Brontë, as painted by her brother Patrick Branwell Brontë (died 1848), from a portrait with her sisters.

The only undisputed portrait of Emily Brontë, painted by her brother.

English writer Emily Brontë, famous for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, was born on the 30th of July, 1818.

Her famous book was first published in 1847. Brontë died the following year, at only thirty years of age.

 

On this day: Prisoners of War in Ukraine

Lager Winnica, gefangene Russen

28th July 1941: Red Army soldiers captured by the Nazis during food distribution at a  camp in occupied Vinnytsia, Ukraine.

In contrast to their treatment of British and American prisoners, the Germans employed a policy of deliberately mistreating Soviet prisoners of war, which resulted in 3-3.5 million deaths – an estimated 57% of all soldiers captured.

From the German Federal Archives.

On this day: the Australian Women’s Land Army is formed

AWLA_smoko_timeGroup of women from the Australian Women's Land Army smoking at tea break, seated on dry grass out in the country in the height of summer. Tent, trees and clouds in backgr

 Smoko time with the AWLA

Inspired by Britain’s Women’s Land Army, the Australian Women’s Land Army was created on the 27th of July, 1942. The organisation was formed to combat shortages in the farming industry as the Second World War intensified.

Though Australia had been fighting in the war since 1939, once Japan entered the conflict in 1941, threatening the Pacific, many Australian men were drafted into the army, leaving shortages at home.

A_papier-mache_cow_on_Mrs_Mellor_s_car,_1944A papier-mache cow, used for milking demonstrations at the Werribee experimental farm, Women's Land Army Australia Seconnd World War World W

Field Officer Mrs Mellor ties a papier-mâché cow used in milking demonstrations to the back of her car in Melbourne. 1944.

Women who joined the AWLA took over men’s jobs in the agricultural sector. In order to be eligible for the work women were required to be between eighteen and fifty, and to be either of British origin or to be from a member of the Allied nations.

Women were paid significantly less than men for the same work.

The AWLA was disbanded on the 31st of December, 1945.

On this day: anti-invasion training in England

Troops 8th Battalion The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment abandon their bicycles and advance along a country lane anti-invasion exercises Weybourne in Norfolk 23 July 1941. Second Wo

In this image, dated the 23rd of July, 1941, troops of the 8th Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment, abandon bicycles to advance along a country lane in Weybourne, Norfolk, England.

The exercise, taking place two years into the Second World War, was part of anti-invasion training.

Weybourne was considered to be at serious risk of invasion during the war, and the area was prepared accordingly, including the laying of mines along the coast.

On this day: Dambusters in Britain

617_Squadron_(dambusters)_at_Scampton_Lincolnshire_22_July_1943_TR1126All were killed when their Lancaster was shot down on the night of 15 - 16 September 1943 during the raid on D

Source

This photograph is dated the 22nd of July, 1943, and shows members of Britain’s Royal Air Force  617 Squadron “dam busters” at Scampton, Lincolnshire.

All of the men in the picture were killed a few weeks later, when they were shot down during the raid on the Dortmund-Ems Canal in September.

Their names are:

  • Flight Sergeant J H Payne, gunner
  • Pilot Officer T W Johnson, engineer
  • Sergeant W E Hornby
  • Sergeant L G Mieyette, wireless operator
  • Pilot Officer C H Coles, bomb-aimer
  • Flying Officer J A Rodger, navigator
  • Flight Lieutenant W H S Wilson