On this day: a President’s first address

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US President Abraham Lincoln gave his first inaugural address on the 4th of March, 1861.

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The speech, considered by many to be one of the greatest in American history, was delivered in the shadow of the not yet completed dome of the US Capitol in Washington.

On this day: the inauguration of a Confederate President

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This photograph, taken on the 18th of February, 1861, shows people arriving for the inauguration of Jefferson Davis, the first and only president of the Confederate States of America.

The ceremony took place in Montgomery, Alabama, the first Confederate capital,

Davis served in as leader until he was captured in 1865 at the end of the Civil War.

On this day: Texas Secedes

On the 1st of February, 1861, Texas seceded from the United States. They were admitted to the Confederacy the following month.

The event occurred as part of the Secession Convention, where it was also determined that slavery was beneficial, as “the African race” was ‘an inferior and dependent race’.

This document from the day dissolves the state’s association with the United States.

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Despite heavy political support to secede, there was also significant opposition, and many Unionists were executed.

Following their defeat in the American Civil War, Texas was restored to the Union in March 1870.